Kurdistan Regional Government
WED, 22 FEB 2017 09:37 Erbil, GMT +3

Kurdistan's geography and climate



The Kurdistan Region comprises parts of the three governorates of Erbil, Slemani and Duhok.

It borders Syria to the west, Iran to the east, and Turkey to the north, lying where fertile plains meet the Zagros mountains. It is traversed by the Sirwan river and the Tigris and its tributaries, the Great Zab and the Little Zab.

Area: 40,643 square kilometres [1]

Population: 3,757,058 [2]

Capital city: Erbil (also known as Hewler)

The mountains of the Kurdistan Region have an average height of about 2,400 metres, rising to 3,000–3,300 metres in places. The highest peak, Halgurd, is near the border with Iran and measures 3,660 metres. The highest mountain ridges contain the only forestland in the Region.[3]

Annual rainfall is 375-724mm. [4]

The climate of the Kurdistan Region is semi-arid continental: very hot and dry in summer, and cold and wet in winter.

Spring is the most beautiful season in Kurdistan and the time when Kurds celebrate Nawroz, the Kurdish New Year, on the spring or vernal equinox. Mean high temperatures range from 13-18 degrees in March to 27-32 degrees in May.[5]

The summer months from June to September are very hot and dry. In July and August, the hottest months, mean highs are 39-43 degrees, and often reach nearly 50 degrees.[6]

Autumn is dry and mild, and like spring is an ideal time of year to travel in the Region. Average temperatures are 24-29 degrees in October, cooling slightly in November.[7]

Winters are mild, except in the high mountains. Mean winter high temperatures are 7-13 degrees Celsius, and mean lows are 2-7 degrees Celsius.[8]

 

[1] KRG-administered territory only. Compiled by the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) from various national and regional sources: International Boundaries from National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) Digital Chart of the World (DCW). The primary source for the DCW database is the Operational Navigation Chart series co-produced by the military mapping authorities of Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, and the United States.

[2] According to Oil-for-Food Distribution Plan, approved by the UN, December 2002.

[3] United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP): http://sea.unep-wcmc.org/latenews/Iraq_2003/facts.htm.

[4] Derived from the Global Agro-Ecological Zones Study, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Land and Water Development Division (AGL), with the collaboration of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), 2000. Data averaged over a period of 37 years. Raster data-set has been exported as ASCII raster file type.

[5] US Air Force Combat Climatology Center.

[6] US Air Force Combat Climatology Center.

[7] US Air Force Combat Climatology Center.

[8] US Air Force Combat Climatology Center.
 



Latest Articles

Prime Minister Barzani meets US Senate delegation

TUE, 21 FEB 2017 17:55

While expressing satisfaction at the level of cooperation between Baghdad and Erbil at the military level, Prime Minister Barzani pointed out that no serious progress has been made in cooperation in other areas. He stressed KRG’s willingness to settle the outstanding issues through mutual understanding.

The United Kingdom reaffirms its support to the Kurdistan Region

MON, 13 FEB 2017 12:37

Prime Minister Barzani expressed his appreciation to the people and government of the United Kingdom for supporting the Region in the fight against terror.

Prime Minister Barzani and EU Special Envoy discuss religious coexistence

THU, 9 FEB 2017 16:29

Germany reaffirms support to the Kurdistan Region

FRI, 3 FEB 2017 20:30

Prime Minister Barzani thanks Italy for supporting the Kurdistan Region

FRI, 3 FEB 2017 10:58

KRG Minister of Interior calls for urgent direct assistance to avert humanitarian catastrophe

SUN, 29 JAN 2017 11:45

KRG statement on the return of IDPs to their homes

WED, 25 JAN 2017 13:49

Three thousand people displaced daily since the start of the second phase of Mosul operation

MON, 16 JAN 2017 20:19

Japan Opens Consulate in the Kurdistan Region

WED, 11 JAN 2017 12:51

Prime Ministers of KRG and Turkey stress to further develop bilateral ties

MON, 9 JAN 2017 14:05