Kurdistan Regional Government
TUE, 28 APR 2015 22:45 Erbil, GMT +3

The Kurdistan Region in Brief

• With a population of 5.2 million and increasing, the three governorates of Erbil, Slemani, and Duhok cover approximately 40,000 square kilometres - larger than the Netherlands and four times the area of Lebanon. This includes the governorates administered by the Kurdistan Regional Government but does not include areas of Kurdistan outside of KRG administration, such as Kirkuk.

• The Region is geographically diverse, from hot and dry plains to cooler mountainous areas with natural springs and snowfall in the winter.

• Foreign visitors are warmly welcomed. Among the growing number of visitors are international media and business people as well as those returning from the Kurdish Diaspora.

• Not a single coalition soldier died in Kurdistan during the Iraq war, nor has a single foreigner been kidnapped in the areas administered by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). With the cooperation of citizens, the Kurdistan Region’s security forces have kept the area safe and stable. Security responsibility was formally transferred from the Multinational Forces to the KRG in May 2007.

• The capital and the seat of the Kurdistan Regional Government is Erbil, a city known in Kurdish as Hawler. The Citadel in Erbil is considered the world’s oldest continuously inhabited settlement. The next largest cities are Slemani and Dohuk. Please note that Slemani is the KRG’s official English spelling, but it can also be found with other spellings such as Sulaimani, Suleimani, Sulaimaniyah, and Suleimaniah.

• The Kurdistan Regional Government exercises executive power according to the Kurdistan Region’s laws as enacted by the democratically elected Kurdistan Parliament. The current government, led by Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani, assumed office in the spring of 2014.

• Iraq’s Constitution recognises the Kurdistan Regional Government and the Kurdistan Parliament as the region’s formal institutions and the Peshmerga forces as the Region’s legitimate security guard.

• The current coalition government consists of several political parties that reflect the diversity of the Region’s population, which includes Chaldeans, Assyrians, Syriacs, Turkmen, Yazidis, Arabs and Kurds living together in harmony.

• More than 65% of destroyed villages have been rebuilt since being razed during the Anfal campaign perpetrated by Saddam Hussein’s regime in the 1980s.

• The Kurdish language is of Indo-European origin and is among the family of Iranian languages, such as Persian and Pashto, and is distinct from Arabic. The two main dialects are Sorani and Kurmanji.

• The Kurdistan Region has 11 public universities and several licensed private universities. Some of them use English as the main language of teaching and examination, most notably the University of Kurdistan Hawler (UKH) and the American University of Iraq – Sulaimani (AUI-S).

• A new, liberal foreign investment law was ratified in June 2006, providing incentives for foreign investors such as the possibility of owning land, up to ten-year tax holidays, and easy repatriation of profits.

• To rapidly benefit from its oil and gas resources, the KRG has signed dozens of production sharing contracts with companies from 17 countries.

• The Kurdistan Region has international airports in Erbil and Slemani, with direct flights to and from Europe and the Middle East. A new international airport is under construction in Duhok.

Latest Articles

Further Arrests Of Terrorists Responsible For The Car Bomb Attack In Erbil On 17 April 2015

TUE, 28 APR 2015 20:43

Further arrests were made as part of an investigation into the car bomb attack in Ainkawa area of Erbil on 17 April 2015. This vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) was detonated by remote control and resulted in the deaths of 2 innocent civilians and a number of bystanders.

Prime Minister Barzani attends Çanakkale battle centenary commemorations

SAT, 25 APR 2015 16:03

Representing Kurdistan Region President, Masoud Barzani, and upon an official invitation by the Republic of Turkey, yesterday Kurdistan Region Prime Minister, Nechirvan Barzani and his accompanying delegation, alongside with leaders and official delegations from sixty countries attended the ceremony which was held in Turkey to mark the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Çanakkale.

Border crossing points between Iran and Kurdistan Region to be reinforced

THU, 23 APR 2015 12:20

Lufthansa to resume Flights to Erbil

WED, 22 APR 2015 15:30

Council of Ministers discusses Article 140, agriculture and electricity sectors

TUE, 21 APR 2015 12:10

Arrest Of The Main Perpetrator Behind The Recent Car Bomb Attack in Ainkawa Area Of Erbil

MON, 20 APR 2015 21:15

PM Barzani: We need further international support

MON, 20 APR 2015 18:54

Education and Higher Education Council holds its first meeting

MON, 20 APR 2015 15:08

KRG Council of Ministers strongly condemns Ainkawa terrorist attack

FRI, 17 APR 2015 23:32

KRG Peshmerga Minister: France Pledged More Military Support

THU, 16 APR 2015 11:36