Kurdistan Regional Government
FRI, 21 OCT 2016 17:52 Erbil, GMT +3

The Kurdistan Region in Brief

• With a population of 5.2 million and increasing, the three governorates of Erbil, Slemani, and Duhok cover approximately 40,000 square kilometres - larger than the Netherlands and four times the area of Lebanon. This includes the governorates administered by the Kurdistan Regional Government but does not include areas of Kurdistan outside of KRG administration, such as Kirkuk.

• The Region is geographically diverse, from hot and dry plains to cooler mountainous areas with natural springs and snowfall in the winter.

• Foreign visitors are warmly welcomed. Among the growing number of visitors are international media and business people as well as those returning from the Kurdish Diaspora.

• Not a single coalition soldier died in Kurdistan during the Iraq war, nor has a single foreigner been kidnapped in the areas administered by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). With the cooperation of citizens, the Kurdistan Region’s security forces have kept the area safe and stable. Security responsibility was formally transferred from the Multinational Forces to the KRG in May 2007.

• The capital and the seat of the Kurdistan Regional Government is Erbil, a city known in Kurdish as Hawler. The Citadel in Erbil is considered the world’s oldest continuously inhabited settlement. The next largest cities are Slemani and Dohuk. Please note that Slemani is the KRG’s official English spelling, but it can also be found with other spellings such as Sulaimani, Suleimani, Sulaimaniyah, and Suleimaniah.

• The Kurdistan Regional Government exercises executive power according to the Kurdistan Region’s laws as enacted by the democratically elected Kurdistan Parliament. The current government, led by Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani, assumed office in the spring of 2014.

• Iraq’s Constitution recognises the Kurdistan Regional Government and the Kurdistan Parliament as the region’s formal institutions and the Peshmerga forces as the Region’s legitimate security guard.

• The current coalition government consists of several political parties that reflect the diversity of the Region’s population, which includes Chaldeans, Assyrians, Syriacs, Turkmen, Yazidis, Arabs and Kurds living together in harmony.

• More than 65% of destroyed villages have been rebuilt since being razed during the Anfal campaign perpetrated by Saddam Hussein’s regime in the 1980s.

• The Kurdish language is of Indo-European origin and is among the family of Iranian languages, such as Persian and Pashto, and is distinct from Arabic. The two main dialects are Sorani and Kurmanji.

• The Kurdistan Region has 11 public universities and several licensed private universities. Some of them use English as the main language of teaching and examination, most notably the University of Kurdistan Hawler (UKH) and the American University of Iraq – Sulaimani (AUI-S).

• A new, liberal foreign investment law was ratified in June 2006, providing incentives for foreign investors such as the possibility of owning land, up to ten-year tax holidays, and easy repatriation of profits.

• To rapidly benefit from its oil and gas resources, the KRG has signed dozens of production sharing contracts with companies from 17 countries.

• The Kurdistan Region has international airports in Erbil and Slemani, with direct flights to and from Europe and the Middle East. A new international airport is under construction in Duhok.

Latest Articles

Kurdistan Regional Government denounces Iraqi Foreign Minister

FRI, 21 OCT 2016 13:17

The Kurdistan Regional Government strongly denounces the Iraqi Foreign Minister for his improper and unilateral actions, with no regards to the sacrifices made by the Kurdistan Region. 

Prime Minister Barzani's statement on the launch of operation to liberate Mosul

MON, 17 OCT 2016 19:56

"The Presidency of the Kurdistan Region and the Kurdistan Regional Government have displayed a great deal of flexibility to reach an agreement with the Iraqi government to make sure that the operation of liberating Mosul will succeed. "

Mosul liberation operation starts - Statement by Kurdistan Region General Command of Peshmerga Forces

MON, 17 OCT 2016 09:37

Thousands of Kurdish and Arab families return to Zummar

THU, 13 OCT 2016 22:31

Prime Minister Barzani receives new French Consul General to the Kurdistan Region

MON, 10 OCT 2016 19:20

Prime Minister Barzani highlights the role of private sector in reviving Kurdistan’s economy

SUN, 9 OCT 2016 15:20

KRG Spokesperson statement on Turkish forces presence in Bashiqah

THU, 6 OCT 2016 22:52

Prime Minister Barzani receives The Netherlands new Consul General to Erbil

WED, 5 OCT 2016 11:32

Kurdistan Regional Government condemns Hasakah terrorist attack

WED, 5 OCT 2016 10:41

Germany offers humanitarian assistance to areas liberated from ISIS

FRI, 30 SEP 2016 23:49