Kurdistan Regional Government
WED, 27 MAY 2015 08:35 Erbil, GMT +3

The people of the Kurdistan Region

Population: 5.2 million

The people living in the Kurdistan Region are Kurds as well as Assyrians, Chaldeans, Turkmen, Armenians and Arabs.

The Region has a young and growing population, with 36% aged 0-14 years, and only 4% aged over 63. The median age in Kurdistan is just over 20, meaning more than 50% are less than 20.[1]

The Kurdistan Region’s demography has changed considerably in the last few decades mainly because of forced migration by the previous Iraqi government, which is one of the main reasons for the movement from the countryside to towns and cities. By 2001, at least 600,000 people were internally displaced mainly because of the previous Iraqi regime’s policies since the 1970s. This included more than 100,000 people expelled in November 1991 alone from Kirkuk by the Iraqi government. According to a UNDP survey, 66% of people living in Duhok province have been forced to change their residence due to war at any point in their lives, while the figures in Slemani and Erbil are 31% and 7%, respectively.[2]

Traditionally, the majority of people in the Kurdistan Region lived in villages and survived on farming and animal husbandry of mainly sheep and goats thanks to the land’s fertile soil. The Region was known as the breadbasket of Iraq. Today this has reversed, with the majority living and working in the three cities of Erbil, Duhok and Slemani and working in the government, construction, and trade.

In the 1980s Saddam Hussein’s regime destroyed over 4,000 villages and forcibly moved their residents to collective towns. Many of these villages have now been rebuilt. The Kurdistan Regional Government, with the support of UN agencies and NGOs, after 1991 rebuilt 2,620 of some 4,000 destroyed villages.

[1] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.6: Age in broad groups, mean and median age.

[2] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.12: Displacement due to war.


Latest Articles

Italy will continue its assistance to Kurdistan Region

TUE, 26 MAY 2015 20:57

Prime Minister Barzani praised Mr Morrati's role as Italy’s ambassador to Iraq, who has been able to contribute to the establishment of solid relations between Kurdistan Region and Italy, and deliver the true image of the Region to his and European countries. He wished success to Mr. Morrati in his future position.

April Report: Kurdistan Region oil production at record level, export commitments met

SAT, 23 MAY 2015 15:18

According to the April 2015 report published by the Kurdistan Regional Government, KRG, Ministry of Natural Resources, KRG commitments under the 2015 Federal Budget Law have been met, and oil production has reached record levels.

Kurdistan Region needs further support for IDPs and refugees

WED, 20 MAY 2015 12:37

Gazprom raises its investment in Kurdistan Region

MON, 18 MAY 2015 19:04

Press Release from Kurdistan Region Ministry of Interior on launching First Crisis Coordination and Disaster Preparedness Centre in Kurdistan

SUN, 17 MAY 2015 16:52

Netherlands Defence Minister reiterates her country’s support to Kurdistan Region

FRI, 15 MAY 2015 14:39

Kurdistan Parliament supports KRG oil policy

FRI, 15 MAY 2015 14:21

JICA implements water and sewage projects in Kurdistan Region

THU, 14 MAY 2015 19:08

Statement of joint meeting between Council of Ministers Presidency and Kurdistan representatives in Baghdad

WED, 13 MAY 2015 18:38

President Barzani meets Czech President and Prime Minister

TUE, 12 MAY 2015 22:08