Kurdistan Regional Government
SAT, 25 MAR 2017 12:42 Erbil, GMT +3

The people of the Kurdistan Region



Population: 5.2 million

The people living in the Kurdistan Region are Kurds as well as Assyrians, Chaldeans, Turkmen, Armenians and Arabs.

The Region has a young and growing population, with 36% aged 0-14 years, and only 4% aged over 63. The median age in Kurdistan is just over 20, meaning more than 50% are less than 20.[1]

The Kurdistan Region’s demography has changed considerably in the last few decades mainly because of forced migration by the previous Iraqi government, which is one of the main reasons for the movement from the countryside to towns and cities. By 2001, at least 600,000 people were internally displaced mainly because of the previous Iraqi regime’s policies since the 1970s. This included more than 100,000 people expelled in November 1991 alone from Kirkuk by the Iraqi government. According to a UNDP survey, 66% of people living in Duhok province have been forced to change their residence due to war at any point in their lives, while the figures in Slemani and Erbil are 31% and 7%, respectively.[2]

Traditionally, the majority of people in the Kurdistan Region lived in villages and survived on farming and animal husbandry of mainly sheep and goats thanks to the land’s fertile soil. The Region was known as the breadbasket of Iraq. Today this has reversed, with the majority living and working in the three cities of Erbil, Duhok and Slemani and working in the government, construction, and trade.

In the 1980s Saddam Hussein’s regime destroyed over 4,000 villages and forcibly moved their residents to collective towns. Many of these villages have now been rebuilt. The Kurdistan Regional Government, with the support of UN agencies and NGOs, after 1991 rebuilt 2,620 of some 4,000 destroyed villages.

[1] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.6: Age in broad groups, mean and median age.

[2] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.12: Displacement due to war.

 



Latest Articles

KRG Prime Minister condemns London terror attack.

WED, 22 MAR 2017 23:35

“I strongly condemn the terror attack that took place near the British Parliament in the center of London on Wednesday. I offer my condolences to the families of the victims, the people and government of the United Kingdom and wish the injured speedy recovery.

Prime Minister Barzani meets Sweden’s Deputy Prime Minister

WED, 8 MAR 2017 10:59

Ms. Isabella Lovin commends the Kurdistan Region for sheltering and providing services for nearly two million refugees and internally displaced people.

Yezidi Spiritual Council calls on PKK to evacuate Sinjar area

SAT, 4 MAR 2017 22:53

UN to open another support and treatment centre for women in Kurdistan Region

THU, 2 MAR 2017 14:02

Prime Minister Barzani meets the new Russian ambassador in Iraq

THU, 2 MAR 2017 13:01

Deputy Prime Minister Talabani meets Canadian Minister of International Development

MON, 27 FEB 2017 14:18

KRG leaders meet with US congressional delegation

THU, 23 FEB 2017 10:16

Prime Minister Barzani meets US Senate delegation

TUE, 21 FEB 2017 17:55

The United Kingdom reaffirms its support to the Kurdistan Region

MON, 13 FEB 2017 12:37

Prime Minister Barzani and EU Special Envoy discuss religious coexistence

THU, 9 FEB 2017 16:29