Kurdistan Regional Government
FRI, 19 APR 2019 01:47 Erbil, GMT +3

The people of the Kurdistan Region



Population: 5.2 million

The people living in the Kurdistan Region are Kurds as well as Assyrians, Chaldeans, Turkmen, Armenians and Arabs.

The Region has a young and growing population, with 36% aged 0-14 years, and only 4% aged over 63. The median age in Kurdistan is just over 20, meaning more than 50% are less than 20.[1]

The Kurdistan Region’s demography has changed considerably in the last few decades mainly because of forced migration by the previous Iraqi government, which is one of the main reasons for the movement from the countryside to towns and cities. By 2001, at least 600,000 people were internally displaced mainly because of the previous Iraqi regime’s policies since the 1970s. This included more than 100,000 people expelled in November 1991 alone from Kirkuk by the Iraqi government. According to a UNDP survey, 66% of people living in Duhok province have been forced to change their residence due to war at any point in their lives, while the figures in Slemani and Erbil are 31% and 7%, respectively.[2]

Traditionally, the majority of people in the Kurdistan Region lived in villages and survived on farming and animal husbandry of mainly sheep and goats thanks to the land’s fertile soil. The Region was known as the breadbasket of Iraq. Today this has reversed, with the majority living and working in the three cities of Erbil, Duhok and Slemani and working in the government, construction, and trade.

In the 1980s Saddam Hussein’s regime destroyed over 4,000 villages and forcibly moved their residents to collective towns. Many of these villages have now been rebuilt. The Kurdistan Regional Government, with the support of UN agencies and NGOs, after 1991 rebuilt 2,620 of some 4,000 destroyed villages.

[1] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.6: Age in broad groups, mean and median age.

[2] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.12: Displacement due to war.

 



Latest Articles

Prime Minister Barzani receives Qatari delegation

THU, 18 APR 2019 12:28

Prime Minister Barzani gave a brief overview about the economic and financial constraints, which the Region witnessed in the past years. He also highlighted the current indications of the Region’s economic recovery, particularly following improvement of relations between the Kurdistan Region and Baghdad.

Prime Minister Barzani receives invitation to visit China

WED, 17 APR 2019 20:02

The two sides stressed developing bilateral relations and cooperation in the economic and infrastructure fields. They also highlighted the Belt and Road Initiative, BRI, of the President of the People’s Republic of China, which can also be applied in Iraq and the Kurdistan Region.

Prime Minister Barzani receives a Baden-Württemberg State delegation

WED, 17 APR 2019 18:33

Prime Minister Barzani receives Russia's new Consul General

TUE, 16 APR 2019 13:33

Prime Minister Barzani receives IICO delegation

MON, 15 APR 2019 10:40

Prime Minister Barzani's statement on thirty-first anniversary of Anfal genocide campaign

SUN, 14 APR 2019 13:46

Prime Minister Barzani receives Paris Mayor

SUN, 14 APR 2019 10:14

Prime Minister Barzani receives U.S. delegation

WED, 10 APR 2019 12:50

KRG's message on Akitu

MON, 1 APR 2019 13:08

Prime Minister Barzani receives USIP delegation

MON, 1 APR 2019 10:34