Kurdistan Regional Government
THU, 29 JAN 2015 15:18 Erbil, GMT +3

The people of the Kurdistan Region



Population: 5.2 million

The people living in the Kurdistan Region are Kurds as well as Assyrians, Chaldeans, Turkmen, Armenians and Arabs.

The Region has a young and growing population, with 36% aged 0-14 years, and only 4% aged over 63. The median age in Kurdistan is just over 20, meaning more than 50% are less than 20.[1]

The Kurdistan Region’s demography has changed considerably in the last few decades mainly because of forced migration by the previous Iraqi government, which is one of the main reasons for the movement from the countryside to towns and cities. By 2001, at least 600,000 people were internally displaced mainly because of the previous Iraqi regime’s policies since the 1970s. This included more than 100,000 people expelled in November 1991 alone from Kirkuk by the Iraqi government. According to a UNDP survey, 66% of people living in Duhok province have been forced to change their residence due to war at any point in their lives, while the figures in Slemani and Erbil are 31% and 7%, respectively.[2]

Traditionally, the majority of people in the Kurdistan Region lived in villages and survived on farming and animal husbandry of mainly sheep and goats thanks to the land’s fertile soil. The Region was known as the breadbasket of Iraq. Today this has reversed, with the majority living and working in the three cities of Erbil, Duhok and Slemani and working in the government, construction, and trade.

In the 1980s Saddam Hussein’s regime destroyed over 4,000 villages and forcibly moved their residents to collective towns. Many of these villages have now been rebuilt. The Kurdistan Regional Government, with the support of UN agencies and NGOs, after 1991 rebuilt 2,620 of some 4,000 destroyed villages.

[1] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.6: Age in broad groups, mean and median age.

[2] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.12: Displacement due to war.

 



Latest Articles

KRG PM Nechirvan Barzani lauds Kobane liberation

TUE, 27 JAN 2015 21:46

Upon the liberation of Kobane, Kurdistan Region Prime Minister, Nechirvan Barzani, congratulated Syrian Kurdish fighters and the Peshmerga, and all defenders of freedom around the world.  He also expressed his gratitude to Turkey and other allies for their support and participation.

PM Barzani mourns the late King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz

SUN, 25 JAN 2015 22:47

Kurdistan Region Prime Minister, Nechirvan Barzani, today attended the mourning ceremony of the  late King Abdullah bin Abdelaziz al-Saud at Yamama Royal Palace in Riyadh, along with world leaders, to pay their respect following the death of King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud on Friday.

Kurdistan Regional Government condemns the murder of Japanese hostage Yukawa

SUN, 25 JAN 2015 21:00

Peshmerga Forces Take Control of Kiske Junction, Cutting ISIS Northern Supply Routes Between Mosul, Tal Afar and Sinjar

FRI, 23 JAN 2015 23:26

PM Barzani receives the Mayor of London, Boris Johnson

FRI, 23 JAN 2015 21:04

A Message from President Barzani on International Coalition Meeting in London to Counter ISIS

FRI, 23 JAN 2015 13:43

PM Barzani meets President Putin's special envoy

WED, 21 JAN 2015 22:43

Peshmerga Forces Launch Large-Scale Offensive Against ISIS From Multiple Positions South East And South West of Mosul Dam

WED, 21 JAN 2015 22:23

Build Kurdistan relationship or risk losing vital Middle East partner

WED, 21 JAN 2015 15:02

PM Barzani meets Pope’s envoy to Iraq

MON, 19 JAN 2015 18:17