Kurdistan Regional Government
MON, 18 DEC 2017 04:23 Erbil, GMT +3

The people of the Kurdistan Region



Population: 5.2 million

The people living in the Kurdistan Region are Kurds as well as Assyrians, Chaldeans, Turkmen, Armenians and Arabs.

The Region has a young and growing population, with 36% aged 0-14 years, and only 4% aged over 63. The median age in Kurdistan is just over 20, meaning more than 50% are less than 20.[1]

The Kurdistan Region’s demography has changed considerably in the last few decades mainly because of forced migration by the previous Iraqi government, which is one of the main reasons for the movement from the countryside to towns and cities. By 2001, at least 600,000 people were internally displaced mainly because of the previous Iraqi regime’s policies since the 1970s. This included more than 100,000 people expelled in November 1991 alone from Kirkuk by the Iraqi government. According to a UNDP survey, 66% of people living in Duhok province have been forced to change their residence due to war at any point in their lives, while the figures in Slemani and Erbil are 31% and 7%, respectively.[2]

Traditionally, the majority of people in the Kurdistan Region lived in villages and survived on farming and animal husbandry of mainly sheep and goats thanks to the land’s fertile soil. The Region was known as the breadbasket of Iraq. Today this has reversed, with the majority living and working in the three cities of Erbil, Duhok and Slemani and working in the government, construction, and trade.

In the 1980s Saddam Hussein’s regime destroyed over 4,000 villages and forcibly moved their residents to collective towns. Many of these villages have now been rebuilt. The Kurdistan Regional Government, with the support of UN agencies and NGOs, after 1991 rebuilt 2,620 of some 4,000 destroyed villages.

[1] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.6: Age in broad groups, mean and median age.

[2] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.12: Displacement due to war.

 



Latest Articles

Prime Minister Barzani meets with Czech Ambassador

THU, 14 DEC 2017 22:41

Prime Minister Barzani discussed the relations between Kurdistan Region and Baghdad, stressing KRG’s stance of favouring dialogue to resolve all outstanding issues.

Prime Minister Barzani meets with Italian Ambassador

THU, 14 DEC 2017 16:09

Prime Minister Barzani said he highly valued the relations between the Kurdistan Region and Italy and hoped they will be further strengthened especially in the economic field. He hoped the security situation would improve so that Italian investors would invest in the Kurdistan Region and Iraq.

Prime Minister Barzani meets with Christian political parties

THU, 14 DEC 2017 10:44

KRG and Kurdistan Parliament discuss financial situation in Kurdistan Region

THU, 14 DEC 2017 10:09

British Prime Minister stresses her government’s support for the rights of the Kurdistan Region

WED, 13 DEC 2017 01:37

Modernization of public administration is KRG priority

TUE, 12 DEC 2017 15:05

Prime Minister Barzani meets with German Ambassador to Iraq

TUE, 12 DEC 2017 14:24

Prime Minister Barzani thanks US-led Coalition Forces for their support against ISIS

MON, 11 DEC 2017 20:29

Statement from Ministry of Peshmerga Affairs on Iraqi Prime Minister’s victory speech

SUN, 10 DEC 2017 12:34

Statement from the KRG Ministry of Peshmerga Affairs

FRI, 8 DEC 2017 12:12