Kurdistan Regional Government
SAT, 21 OCT 2017 13:23 Erbil, GMT +3

The people of the Kurdistan Region

Population: 5.2 million

The people living in the Kurdistan Region are Kurds as well as Assyrians, Chaldeans, Turkmen, Armenians and Arabs.

The Region has a young and growing population, with 36% aged 0-14 years, and only 4% aged over 63. The median age in Kurdistan is just over 20, meaning more than 50% are less than 20.[1]

The Kurdistan Region’s demography has changed considerably in the last few decades mainly because of forced migration by the previous Iraqi government, which is one of the main reasons for the movement from the countryside to towns and cities. By 2001, at least 600,000 people were internally displaced mainly because of the previous Iraqi regime’s policies since the 1970s. This included more than 100,000 people expelled in November 1991 alone from Kirkuk by the Iraqi government. According to a UNDP survey, 66% of people living in Duhok province have been forced to change their residence due to war at any point in their lives, while the figures in Slemani and Erbil are 31% and 7%, respectively.[2]

Traditionally, the majority of people in the Kurdistan Region lived in villages and survived on farming and animal husbandry of mainly sheep and goats thanks to the land’s fertile soil. The Region was known as the breadbasket of Iraq. Today this has reversed, with the majority living and working in the three cities of Erbil, Duhok and Slemani and working in the government, construction, and trade.

In the 1980s Saddam Hussein’s regime destroyed over 4,000 villages and forcibly moved their residents to collective towns. Many of these villages have now been rebuilt. The Kurdistan Regional Government, with the support of UN agencies and NGOs, after 1991 rebuilt 2,620 of some 4,000 destroyed villages.

[1] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.6: Age in broad groups, mean and median age.

[2] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.12: Displacement due to war.


Latest Articles

KRG welcomes US State Department’s statement

SAT, 21 OCT 2017 08:48

The Kurdistan Regional Government welcomes State Department's call for the immediate cease of clashes between the Peshmerga and Iraqi forces in the disputed areas and agrees that the ceasefire between Peshmerga and Iraqi forces to be coordinated by the coalition forces.

KRG welcomes Iraqi Prime Minister’s call for dialogue

THU, 19 OCT 2017 23:13

The Council of Ministers welcomed Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Al-Abadi's call for negotiations in order to address the issues between the Kurdistan Regional Government and Iraqi Federal Government, within the framework of the federal constitution, and based on partnership and consensus.

KRG replies to Iraqi Government Statement

SUN, 15 OCT 2017 23:29

Prime Minister Barzani calls upon Iraqi parties and the international community to help prevent war

FRI, 13 OCT 2017 17:46

KRG responds to Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi’s threats and accusations

THU, 12 OCT 2017 22:09

Prime Minister Barzani and German Ambassador discuss post-referendum developments

WED, 11 OCT 2017 14:17

Prime Minister Barzani and EU Ambassador to Iraq discuss post referendum

MON, 9 OCT 2017 23:09

Prime Minister Barzani meets with top UN envoy to Iraq

THU, 5 OCT 2017 11:08

KRG responds to statement by Iraqi Prime Minister’s Office

WED, 4 OCT 2017 10:05

Prime Minister Barzani's message on the passing of former Iraqi President Jalal Talabani

TUE, 3 OCT 2017 23:55