Kurdistan Regional Government
FRI, 26 MAY 2017 06:27 Erbil, GMT +3

The people of the Kurdistan Region



Population: 5.2 million

The people living in the Kurdistan Region are Kurds as well as Assyrians, Chaldeans, Turkmen, Armenians and Arabs.

The Region has a young and growing population, with 36% aged 0-14 years, and only 4% aged over 63. The median age in Kurdistan is just over 20, meaning more than 50% are less than 20.[1]

The Kurdistan Region’s demography has changed considerably in the last few decades mainly because of forced migration by the previous Iraqi government, which is one of the main reasons for the movement from the countryside to towns and cities. By 2001, at least 600,000 people were internally displaced mainly because of the previous Iraqi regime’s policies since the 1970s. This included more than 100,000 people expelled in November 1991 alone from Kirkuk by the Iraqi government. According to a UNDP survey, 66% of people living in Duhok province have been forced to change their residence due to war at any point in their lives, while the figures in Slemani and Erbil are 31% and 7%, respectively.[2]

Traditionally, the majority of people in the Kurdistan Region lived in villages and survived on farming and animal husbandry of mainly sheep and goats thanks to the land’s fertile soil. The Region was known as the breadbasket of Iraq. Today this has reversed, with the majority living and working in the three cities of Erbil, Duhok and Slemani and working in the government, construction, and trade.

In the 1980s Saddam Hussein’s regime destroyed over 4,000 villages and forcibly moved their residents to collective towns. Many of these villages have now been rebuilt. The Kurdistan Regional Government, with the support of UN agencies and NGOs, after 1991 rebuilt 2,620 of some 4,000 destroyed villages.

[1] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.6: Age in broad groups, mean and median age.

[2] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.12: Displacement due to war.

 





Latest Articles

Prime Minister Barzani: Independence unites us towards achieving common goals.

WED, 24 MAY 2017 19:19

Good morning, before I start my speech, I would like to extend my condolences to the families of the victims of Manchester terrorist attack, which killed 22 people and wounded nearly 60 others. I stand in solidarity with the people of the United Kingdom and share their pain. This attack once again is a proof that terrorists don't target only one place or one country, but it's an international threat facing all of us. We Kurds are proud to have been in the forefront of the war against these terrorists. More than 1,700 Peshmergas have lost their life in the fight against terror and nearly 10,000 are wounded. This shows that the international community must work harder to defeat terror militarily and ideologically, which I believe that defeating the ideology is much harder. Once again, I extend my condolences to the city of Manchester.

 

Prime Minister Barzani condemns Manchester terror attack

TUE, 23 MAY 2017 14:20

Kurdistan Region Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani strongly condemned Monday's terrorist attack at a concert in Manchester, whcih killed and wounded a number of civilians.

Prime Minister Barzani's statement on the passing of Nawshirwan Mustafa

FRI, 19 MAY 2017 16:56

Prime Minister Barzani meets US Special Presidential Envoy

MON, 15 MAY 2017 18:54

Prime Minister Barzani’s message on the inauguration of France’s new President, Emmanuel Macron

SUN, 14 MAY 2017 14:47

Prime Minister Barzani meets Patriarch of Assyrian Church of the East

THU, 11 MAY 2017 22:25

Prime minister Barzani and South Africa Ambassador discuss bilateral relations

THU, 11 MAY 2017 22:04

Prime Minister Barzani meets British special envoy

WED, 10 MAY 2017 17:14

Prime Minister Barzani meets Italy's new Consul General to Erbil

TUE, 9 MAY 2017 09:43

Kurdistan Regional Government to reform its armed forces with the support of International Coalition

MON, 8 MAY 2017 13:23